Animal Hoarding – What the Hell is That?

In which the author expresses disgust at the arrest of Ron Mason.

To “hoard” is to keep to oneself either something that other people do want – like canned meat – or something that other people don’t want – like a garage full of used plastic cups.

A hoard is a hidden supply or fund that is stored up. In wartime, hoarding is seen as very anti-social. Under military rule, people are expected to not stockpile goods for their own use, or participate in the black market, or abuse the rationing system. But in the case of wartime hoarding, we’re talking about a commodity that the government says it wants to share fairly with all the citizens (and actually wants for its soldiers and its war machine.) Cans of beans, sides of beef, gold coins, or silk stockings – you’ll notice that these are all considered desirable items. To be engaged in this type of hoarding, a person would have to hang onto a supply of something that other people want.

Well, nobody wants these damn cats. That’s the problem. These cats were thrown away by humans. They’re either abandoned domestic pets, or feral cats whose parents or grandparents were abandoned domestic pets. It would be a real good idea for any agency that claims to care about the welfare of animals, to concentrate their efforts on the people who dump their cats.

And then there’s the kind of hoarding that applies to stuff people don’t want, items that “don’t seem reasonable,” according to one of the talking heads in this video. Keeping stuff that either is, or appears to be, useless. And usefulness is in the eye of the beholder. My grandpa had a room full of little bits and pieces of wire and transistors and knobs and so on, that seemed useless to most onlookers. But he could fix your radio or TV.

Another kind of hoarding applies to stuff that people didn’t used to want, but now they do want it, and the former hoarders turn out to be astute business people. When people hoard baseball cards or comic books and then make some money off the items, we call them entrepreneurs. If they hoard paintings, we call them collectors, and shower them with praise.

Here’s a description of the pathology of the animal hoarder: “Because of their sheer numbers, these animals usually aren’t cared for properly. Many become so ill that they die or have to be euthanized.” Does this sound familiar? It sounds like an official animal shelter, to me. The point here is, by any definition you can formulate, animal shelters hoard animals. And the level of care in official shelters is not necessarily as good as what the free-lancers provide.

Admonishing any animal hoarders who happen to read their webpage, the Mayo Clinic says the critters “deserve to live healthy and happy lives, and that’s not possible if you can’t provide them with proper nutrition, sanitation and veterinary care.” So according to the medical establishment, what you’re supposed to do with the animals is hand them over to a government agency that can’t provide them with proper nutrition, sanitation, veterinary care or, in some cases, as we’ve recently seen, can’t even provide our little four-legged friends with shade to keep the sun off them.

This quote is even more ludicrous: “A hoarder fails to provide the animals with adequate food, water, sanitation, and veterinary care, and … is in denial about this inability to provide adequate care.”

You want to know who’s in denial? The police who arrest Ron Mason for providing the amenities to the cats, and then charge him with being a hoarder, which is by definition someone who fails to provide the amenities. Denial is when bureaucrats think their shelters provide better care than concerned individuals with limited means and loving hearts. Denial is believing that adequate care is something only the State is capable to provide. Denial is pretending that the killing of healthy animals, because official facilities are overcrowded, constitutes “adequate care.”

Supposedly, the societal problem here is that too many cats are running around the neighborhood. So this guy gives them a place to hang out, where they won’t annoy the neighbors. In which case, keeping them to himself is not a bad thing. It is, in fact, a very good and beneficial thing. He ought to be helped, encouraged and subsidized, not prosecuted. One of the officials in the video explains why it’s wrong for Mason to give houseroom to these animals – because “they get everything they need here.” Exactly! So they’re not out bothering the neighbors! What is the freakin’ problem?

To make compassion for animals into a crime is outrageous. They’re talking about “the recidivism rate is 100%.” All that means is, people who are willing to feed hungry cats will probably always be willing to feed hungry cats, no matter how drastically they are punished by the State. They’re making it sound like the guy is a pedophile or something.

To make compassion for animals into a disease is outrageous. This alleged mental health expert says, “They get a skewed perspective.” News flash: the people who think euthanization is preferable to living with Ron Mason are the ones with the skewed perspective. Maybe somebody should ask the cats for their opinion on the subject. The officials are talking about sentencing Mason to ongoing mental health treatment and medication. They want to “help this person be okay” by assigning him a minder who come in daily. This is an unbelievably stupid use of resources. The whole implication that something is wrong with Ron Mason is unbelievably stupid. This is Cold War era Soviet Russia bullshit. Any time a citizen does something the government doesn’t like, just label that citizen mentally ill. We’re about one step away from compulsory lobotomization.

Ron Mason doesn’t create these animals. He doesn’t manufacture them or give birth to them. On the contrary, he’s tried to stop more of them from being born, by having them neutered. Even if he wasn’t able to have all the cats operated on, there’s still more of them neutered than there would have been if he’d never taken responsibility for any of them. What’s the freakin’ problem?

The spokesperson for the authorities explains that hoarding is having a whole bunch of something. By this definition, you know who’s hoarding? Orphanages hoard children. Or at least, they used to. Maybe orphanages have disappeared, like mental institutions, which used to hoard mentally ill people, until the state closed them and let all the mentally ill people out on the street, where they are so much better off.

The California penal system hoards prisoners. They got a whole bunch of prisoners, and they want to add to the number by locking up some poor targeted civilian who takes care of cats. Who else is hoarding? The vastly overpaid and incompetent jokers who run Animal Services, that’s who. They hoard millions of tax dollars and produce nothing – certainly not services – for anybody, animal or human.


Cats, Ron Mason, and Human Health

Video of some people who have gone way overboard in response to the cats next door

and the whole story behind what you saw there

The picture on this page is by brownpau via this Creative Commons license


About Pat Hartman

Before publishing the two books "Call Someplace Paradise" and "Ghost Town: A Venice California Life", my main project was "Salon: A Journal of Aesthetics. " I wrote extensively for "Scene," a monthly arts and entertainment magazine with a circulation of 25,000. Also proofread, sold ads, put together the music calendar and, for a couple of years, served as editor. Presided over a couple issues of the local NORML newsletter, as well as being featured speaker at chapter meetings. Wrote a complete screenplay; collaborated on another one; worked on a couple of scripts (additional dialog and general brainstorming) with an indie film producer. Booked the talent for a large music festival. Wrote, designed, illustrated and produced various catalogs and brochures for small businesses. Spoke at a high school as a panelist on Women in the Professions; was a featured speaker at the 1991 Women in Libertarianism Conference; presented public programs on "Success in One Lesson" and "The Bloomsbury Group: What's It To Us?" Created the website and wrote many politically-oriented pieces for
This entry was posted in Abominations, Folly, Heroes and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

22 Responses to Animal Hoarding – What the Hell is That?

  1. Kelley says:

    Would like permission to print this out and distribute it to the members of our City Council…

  2. i2heart2this says:

    Dear Kelley and anybody else who might like to reprint this, you’re more than welcome to, just please credit the author, Pat Hartman. Thanks

  3. Celeste says:

    Purdue University Press is releasing a new book, Inside Animal Hoarding, which profiles one of the largest and most intriguing cases of animal hoarding in recent history. Celeste Killeen’s investigation pries open the door to Barbara Erickson’s hidden and closely guarded life, offering an in-depth view of animal hoarding. Dr. Arnold Arluke’s discussion follows the Erickson story with current research on animal hoarding and how it ties into the Erickson case. This integration of investigative journalism and scholarship offers a fresh approach with appeal to a broad audience of readers, those new to learning about the phenomenon, and those with first-hand experience in the animal welfare field.

  4. Tom says:

    The police who arrested Ron Mason have something seriously wrong with them that is beyond just being stupid. There is a vicious gestalt that has taken over what passes for their minds.

  5. kaylor says:

    I am so pleased to learn of your existence and this blog.
    I’m going to have to spend some more time here, catching up on all of it.

  6. Sandra says:

    The case about Barbara Erickson was told wrong. She is not a hoarder. She takes care of animals that people throw away like they do their garbage. And yes there was alot of animals which says something about people who dump their pets for someone else to take care of. Barbara is that type of person -she never turned an animal away – they always had food,water and shelter and medical attention. They did get vet care but Barbara did most of the mecial attention herself and she was qualified- she was a retired navy R.N and had some vet training. Her and her husband spent their money taking care of these poor animals-social security and retirement pension. They never got help from places that claim to be protecting animals. Barbara knew everyone of these “throwaways” they had names and wonderful personalities. They had someone that cared for them and loved them . So where were all these people who cared about these animals that were being cared for by a “hoarder”. They never came around to ask if they ( the Erickson’s ) needed help-maybe someone to help clean the dog pens , wash their bedding, change their water or hold them when they were sick or even dying. Barbara did all that even when she was so sick that she was in the hospital and had major surgery. She got out of the hospital -released herself – so she could get home and take care of one of the dogs that was sick. She stayed up all night with it and took care of it. And the dog did fine and got better with her care. She took better care of the animals then she did herself- they always came first. No animal goes hungry or unloved around the Erickson’s. What the so called groups that came and raided and took the animals from their home was a nightmare. They weren’t concerned for these animals they just wanted to be famous -the ones that raided a couple that loved and care for animals. Where do you think these animals would have been better off- with the Erickson’s who cared for them -made sure they had food, water, shelter, medical, and love and attention or with some shelter in some cold cemented pen and maybe if they are lucky someone will adopt them or maybe and most likely they would be killed. We need more people like the Erickson’s and the people who dump or throwaway their once cuddly pet should be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law- it needs to be stopped-they are the ones that need to be punished.
    And people who write books about so called hoarders don’t know what they are talking about .

  7. Tom says:

    Their complaints about hoarding are their attempts to apply the nightmare grip of the sociopath.

  8. Jen says:

    With all due respect to the author of this article and those who have commented on it, I would like to offer a counter-argument. For eighteen months, I lived with a man who was later convicted of animal hoarding, hundreds of animals – some dead – discovered on his property in 2009. Though our numbers were manageable and facilities relatively clean when I was there, deteriorating circumstances prior to my departure gave me firsthand knowledge of the way animals live and die in a hoarding situation. It is nothing compared to the humane euthanization of animals in a reputable animal shelter. While with my former partner, I saw cats and kittens succumb to upper respiratory illness – their mouths and noses sealed with mucous, every breath a violent and painful ordeal – because my partner was “saving” them from the horror of an animal shelter. I saw dogs kill one another because proper care was not taken to house them separately, to treat severe aggression, to address medical issues that only served to fuel that aggression. My personal experience is not unique. Animals in hoarding situations typically go without food and water, adequate socialization, and medical care for both minor and major illnesses. They live and die with mange, parasites, and respiratory problems. In extreme instances, they kill and consume one another merely to survive.

    Animal hoarding is not some urban myth concocted by “the man” to keep good people from saving animals. Such talk is utter nonsense, an argument put forth by people who are either completely blind or simply painfully uninformed about what constitutes true, humane care of another being.

    Yes – the pet overpopulation problem is hideous. The number of people who dump animals like trash is abhorrent, and the task animal shelters face to try and care for, rehabilitate, and place those animals is insurmountable. Yes, there are overcrowded, corrupt, and downright cruel municipal animal shelters out there who do the world and the animals they care for a disservice by their mere existence. However, animal hoarding is not the answer. Animal hoarders – including Barbara Erickson and Ron Mason – add to the problem legitimate shelters face by not only failing to spay or neuter the animals they have, but by ultimately draining regional and national animal rescue efforts with the influx of hundreds of profoundly ill, neglected, and socially stunted animals.

    I remained silent and ashamed for years after leaving my partner, and the images of the animals who died painful, inhumane deaths under my care haunts me to this day. My words are not meant as lecture or reproach, but simply to inform: animal hoarders are not just eccentrics who love animals too much. They are not martyrs to the cause of animal rescue. And the animals they save suffer profoundly at the hands of those who claim to love them the most.

  9. Tom says:

    All of those allegedly mistreated animals are vast sources of free money for the HSUS which is shamelessly exploiting them as we speak. They are not “burdens” on their system, they are goldmines, each and every one of them, for fun, profit, and power.

  10. Tom says:

    Jen, your essay has a few problems. I am painfully familiar with the way that a person sees that one person who they label as a “hoarder” has problems, then decides that all hoarders are either like that or even worse, “potentially” like that. When you decide that a person has too many animals for your likings there is no place of safety for them in your mind. No matter how well the alleged hoarder treats his or her animals, you think that since it’s a “hoarder”, if it ain’t guilty now, it’s gonna be some day.

    Makes me feel as if they were just spinning their wheels when they pretty much eliminated the word “nigger” from most speech. You probably wouldn’t dare call someone a “faggot” but now it’s “hoarder” and you’re all on board with that bigotry.

    There are always going to be singular examples of people who have too many animals to take care of, and in the case that you mentioned, apparently the owner’s circumstances changed so that the owner had a harder time taking care of the animals. This could be due to an injury, an illness, adverse weather conditions, the economy tanking, a death in the family, attacks by animal rights, and so on. No one gets off your hook if they’re a “hoarder” though.

    Then you dismiss the well-known fact that so many shelters are so awful. Before, a singular case indicted “hoarders.” With the shelters, case after case after case fails to indict shelters. I call shenanigans. The shelter people are the biggest ones for labeling people as “hoarders” then condemning them at any sign, like someone having four animals when the legal limit is three. The shelters should be held to a higher standard but like true bearers of standards, they hold themselves to a much lower standard of care than they do others. They routinely worsen the situation for animals when they take the animals away. Most of the time their claims against the owners are fraudulent.

    Ron Mason was doing what the official shelters failed to do and what he was actually humiliated for, punished for, and forced to watch animal abuse for, was trying to do some of the care for the animals that the city wasn’t doing. The HSUS wasn’t doing it either, and neither were any of the other groups that pretend to protect animals.

  11. kaylor says:

    So, this guy wasn’t charged with any crime. What happened to all the cats?

    “A Northridge man arrested last fall on suspicion of felony animal neglect for harboring up to 70 cats will not face criminal charges, the City Attorney’s Office announced Wednesday [January 16, 2008].

    Ron Mason, whose Napa Street home was raided by the Animal Cruelty Task Force on Oct. 11, was cleared Wednesday before a Van Nuys Courthouse judge.

    “We do not have any intention of filing charges,” said Bob Ferber, supervising attorney for the city’s Animal Protection Unit.”

  12. Pat Hartman says:

    Ed Muzika of LA Animal Watch kept real close track of the whole Mason debacle. Here are the highlights

    This is the infamous TV show about it.

  13. Eden Springs says:

    Mr. Mason needs to file a ‘Section 1983’ action against these people (if the statute of limitations hasn’t expired). This is drearily typical of what the Animal Extremists are doing everywhere: claiming they are “rescuing” when they’re really looking for headlines, and don’t care if they destroy the lives of good & innocent people in the process.

    Unfortunately, this isn’t an isolated incident–it’s happening everywhere around the country today.

  14. Tom says:

    I can’t dream up enough ill-will to really cover this “raid” thing.

    The business attracts bullies. That’s all there is to it.

  15. kaylor says:

    Same thing has been happpening to someone I know of in a small town

    So far they haven’t charged him with any crime. He has a couple cats of his own, but the rest have been dumped and he tries to take care of them and animal control has been harassing him.

    I’m so glad to know there have been people watching this sort of thing and helping this man.

    There needs to be a law against harassing people like this and if nothing else the “shelters” involved need something done about all the money they collect in donations whenever there is a raid like this. That is really what the raids are all about. HSUS has made aa science out of drumming up donations in the aftermath of such a raid.

  16. Animal Rescuer says:

    I am an animal rescue person who is currently dealing with animal cruelty charges. I was arrested and all the dogs and half the cats were seized. I am not allowed to set foot on my own property where the remaining cats are housed until the criminal case is settled. I am NOT a hoarder! While a large number of animals was seized, I had adopted out 2 1/2 times that many over the previous year. 93% of the animals were already spayed/neutered and I had an appointment the next day to get more done. 88% of the dogs had current dog licenses. But I had trouble getting workers and volunteers who shared my vision for rescue. I was in the process of getting the number of animals down to where I could take care of them myself and not have to depend on other people. When this is over, I am hoping to form a group of like minded people who are available to help free lance rescuers when they get overwhelmed and can use a hand. Right now, I could definitely use more legal advice, but unfortunately I spent my money on the animals and so have a public defender for the criminal part and attempting (not too well) to defend myself civilly. I would love to chat privately with any of you who has had similar experiences and/or may be able to offer some incte/input. By the way, I’m really enjoying this blog!

  17. kaylor says:

    This blog is a good one. Your situation depends on exactly what the laws are where you live. The general idea is to browbeat and bully you into relinquishing custody of all your animals to “them”. Then they can advertise and “adopt” them out (at sometimes outrageous fees). You were planning to adopt them out anyway…right? Even if they don’t collect outrageous amounts of money for the animals, the publicity will generate outrageous amounts of donations to the local shelter. You know, to help take care of those poor animals that were abused so terribly.
    In most areas they will charge you so much per day per animal (three times outrageous) while your animals are in their care until the matter is settled in court. Most nobody can afford that. A lady near me was charged over $16,000 for less than a week’s care for about 70 animals. INSANE! It certainly didn’t cost that much to care for them as volunteers showed up to do most of the work and literally tons of dog food was donated.
    Legal case in Louisville your attorney needs to know about (posted on my blog ). Attorneys don’t seem to take this seriously. They just find the quickest way to settle. That means you have to plead guilty to something and agree to pay whatever bs amount of money they want, give up your animals and not own any for X amount of time.
    So many people insist they are going to fight this, but it is really, really almost impossible to fight. Takes tons of money to fight. I don’t give you much chance with a public defender, or it could be the best chance you have. Others pretty much have to give up everything they own to pay the legal fees. That Louisville case should be quite helpful, if you can get your attorney to even look at it. It really takes a dead animal or two to get a conviction, but they will insist that they can convict you on something like not clipping toenails (that would be neglect – but a judge might not take too kindly to having such a frivolous case in his/her courtroom). Your attorney will be high-power-pressuring you to make a deal. Don’t risk going to trial, getting convicted and going to jail, however frivolous it may be.
    I had to leave my email address to post on this blog. I assume you did, as well. The blog owner may share my email address with you. I’d just as soon not have my email published on the blog though.

  18. Angelina says:

    I read the comments section on your blog post, and I have to agree with a few people there. I have been involved in animal rescue for years and years. And while “sometimes” they get it wrong, and there is some very kind person with a great …heart, who is just feeding and taking care of many animals, out of their own pocket (and your points apply that perhaps this person isn’t providing the “best of care” or very sanitary conditions, but they are doing the best they can with what they have, and the conditions are “reasonable”)….yet some district or city is perhaps prosecuting them for animal hoarding…(usually with a cease and desist order, and fines after that)

    The *majority* of animal hoarders I’ve ever encountered were very sick people, keeping animals in the most hellish conditions imaginable, scenes I’ve personally seen myself…. along with people I have worked with in animal rescue. We’ve been the people to turn these some of these people in to the authorities. And we “only” did that when the conditions for the animals were HELLISH. What would happen is we would get tips from local animal rescue volunteers close to the hoarder in question, and/or we would actually “jump the fence” to see for ourselves… or enact some ploy for the hoarder to let one of us in.

    With the animal hoarders I’m talking about, you really didn’t need to see the scene, you could actually smell the scene from blocks away. This is usually how these people get found out. The neighbors can’t stand the smell any longer. And the hoarder is at the point that they can do little to hide it, with the sheer volume of animals they have.

    That old saying that some things are worse than death? — is what had applied in the various animal hoarding situations I have personally witnessed. I had to quit doing a lot of field volunteering, because of the hellish conditions I saw, and the subsequent nightmares those situations gave me.

    In fact the animal hoarders had worse conditions for the animals than you’d find at a dog fighter enterprise, usually. Dog fighters are vicious, mercenary and cold hearted, and animals are indeed being killed and tortured. But at least most of the dogs have “some” space to move around in while they are waiting to fight…and are not standing in their own excrement (usually) being slowly starved to death, etc….

    With the hoarders that I saw..animals were stuffed in makeshift plastic boxes, crates, whatever containers you can think of…with some holes poked through them for air…perhaps 3 to 4 cats living in one box, perhaps one dead, with the other two stuffed in with the dead one. (these animals are sentient, perceptive beings…they know they are stuffed in a box with dead friends)…that or living in old kennels, I remember this one hoarder had two dogs in each of the 5 one dog kennels on her property.

    Some hoarders have had puppies grow up in small kennels, so as they are growing up, their legs don’t have enough room to develop properly, and all the dog’s legs are bent and useless, once the dog is allowed to go free (when the hoarder gets busted, as many of them do).

    The pathology and course of the disease usually gets worse and worse with these people, and as the pathology gets worse, the conditions for the animals get worse. To where this particular hoarder doesn’t even realize that there are a lot of dead animals in their care, starving to death, etc etc…many of them go into almost a complete denial of their living conditions, and the conditions of their animals.

    All one do is see the movie “Grey Gardens” to see “something” of what I am talking about? But the “Edies” probably weren’t as unintentionally cruel as some others. I don’t know all the details of their case.

    But think about it… a person is taking care of say, 50 cats? Within 2 years time, those cats can turn into hundreds let loose in the neighborhood, or which stay on the hoarder’s property.

    The MAIN reason the City Pounds are full of dogs and cats…or stray cats and dogs are out in the streets getting hit by cars, or starving with no adequate food or drinking water — is people who DO NOT spay their animals. Can you imagine 50 or 100 unspayed animals? And what kind of misery is waiting for those animals? If allowed to continue?

    But yes, I’m talking about some of the worst cases.

    Say, there are cases of people just feeding a lot of animals. The trouble with some of these situations is, unless the person is conscientious (which is the case sometimes, but not always) they aren’t spaying any of the animals they have on hand, and the animal population of that particular person gets bigger and bigger. With stray cats and dogs escaping the property, causing a situation of many more stray cats and dogs for the surrounding area. So, even more benign hoarding (or another word one could use) still causes the problem of many unwanted animals, and their multiples.

    But like I said, some people have the finances to actually spay the animals on their property, and provide adequate food and drinking water, sadly, this is NOT always the case.

    My animal rescue friends and I have had to adopt out many, many animals that were found on some hoarder’s property. (The ones that could be saves, many are not as lucky)…so yes, we are indeed glad when a sick animal “hoarder” is put out of business.

    I am not familiar with the case that you are speaking about here, with this Ron individual, so I couldn’t speak to that. Perhaps he is one of the good ones, and was adequately feeding and spaying the animals in his care. If this is the case, he would have a good case. Respectfully.

  19. Becky Trask says:

    After watching the video on Ron and his situation, the police, in the briefing session at the beginning, stated that there was Feline Leukemia? found in a group of kittens taken from this home, and giardia and parasites found in other cats. Both are very serious and highly contaigous. This home immediately became recognized as a serious public health risk (yes, people can get giardia and some parasites from their cat). It also immediately became marked as a probable vector for an epidemic of Feline Leukemia in this neighborhood.

    Perhaps this whole scene could have been averted. He probably had some warning or notion that this was coming (his behavior during the video tape seemed unsurprised). Perhaps he chose to let it go forward and not prevent the seizure of the cats, or himself. Perhaps to make a statement? Perhaps to end the hopeless situation as it stood? Who knows? I can’t believe that a seemingly intelligent man such as Ron would not see this coming. Is he a hoarder? Who can tell other than a psychologist?

    How sad that the hungry and abandoned cats were being fed (unintentionally lured into a hazardous situation for them), but not checked for diseases and treated when necessary. Is it his fault? He was trying to help, but wound up making the situation worse, through ignorance and lack of funding.

    The message here should be, if you are going to help hungry cats, first, check them out to see if they are healthy and can’t harm your healthy ones. Then proceed from there. When it comes time that you can’t afford to get the hungry newcomer checked out or find a source for funding, then it is time to stop luring them in. You aren’t helping, otherwise.

    How sad that there are illnesses that can ruin all of your healthy cats, and ruin the great feelings you get from helping needy felines. If you truly love animals, you would feel devastated knowing that you traded one cat’s hunger for a deadly disease and gave it to all of your other cats too. You must be careful here. This isn’t a Disney movie.

  20. kaylor says:

    Feline Leukemia, giardia and parasites are three things that are just completely unknown to many people

    I’m not sure that anyone can be prosecuted for not treating for these, if so, about half our cat feeding population would be in jail

    I can’t tell you the number of people I have known about that thought they were doing such a good thing by feeding stray cats. They all get mad at me when I tell them it takes more than food. Like I’m some kind of crazy person, after all they ARE FEEDING THESE ANIMALS and that makes them “good people”, how dare I criticize them.

  21. andrea says:

    BJE200XL Thanks a bunch for this awesome post. Please keep up the good work. I’ll be coming back lots.

  22. I’ve wanted to write something like this on my webpage which has given me an idea. Cheers.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s